Sunday, April 01, 2007

The Manor of Buchhorn: A European Micro-State

map of lake constance
Fig. 1: Map of Buchhorn and Lake Constance

A "postage stamp" country ruled by a knight who lives in a castle— Buchhorn is so small and fragmented, that it is usually omitted on maps of Europe, and even in surveys of European "micro-states."

The Manor of Buchhorn (German: Rittergut Buchhornes) is indicated in gold on the map above (BH). It consists of two islands and four disconnected enclaves, located around Lake Constance (German: Bodensee), with Germany (D) to the north, Switzerland (CH) to the south, and Austria (A) at the east end of the lake. The climate is mild. The peaks of the Swiss Alps dominate the sky to the south across the water.

flag of buchhorn
Fig. 2: Flag of Buchhorn

The flag of Buchhorn, known as the Octal Gyron, consists of a red cross on a black and yellow background.

The history of the manor began when a knight of the Order of St. John, returning from the Crusades, was granted by the Holy Roman Emperor the Island of Mainau in Lake Constance. There, in the 13th century, the first knight of the Mainau line built a castle which still stands today.

Intermarriage brought the adjacent coastline, as well as the enclave of Wangen, under the rule of the House of Mainau.

At the time of the Protestant Reformation, the island abbacy of Reichenau also came under the protection of the Ritter von Mainau, the only German Knight of St. John to remain Catholic. It was also in this period that the port city of Friedrichshafen, and the surrounding enclave of Buchhorn, sought the protection of the Ritter and his army.

The Treaty of Westphalia (1648) recognized the sovereignty of the Manor of Buchhorn.

The enclave of Horn was purchased from the Swiss canton of Thurgau in 1786.

Buchhorn was the only one of the German petty states to resist absorption into Bismarck's Germany. It remained neutral in both World Wars. Buchhorn today is known for its manufacture of automotive and aircraft parts, its orchards and vineyards, and its tourist industry. It also has a "pocket navy," the Weissbodenseeflotte, a tourist, commercial, and coast guard fleet which patrols Lake Constance.

karl adam iv
Fig. 3: Johanniterritter Karl-Adam IV von Mainau

Karl-Adam IV, of the ancient knightly house of Mainau, was created a knight and invested with the Sword of Office in 1980. Since the late 18th century, the Knight of Buchhorn has been created by the Bishop of Constance and the Hospitallers' Grand Prior of Vienna.

location of buchhorn in europe
Fig. 4: Location of Buchhorn in Europe

Name: The Manor of Buchhorn (German: Rittergut Buchhornes).

Area: 38 square miles.

Population: (2000 census) 74,000.

Capital: Friedrichshafen (pop. 42,000).

Ethnic Groups: German, 100%.

Language: German (official), Swabian German dialect.

Religion: Roman Catholic (official), 93%; Evangelical & Reformed, 6%.

Head of State and Head of Government: Johanniterritter Karl-Adam IV von Mainau, Knight Hospitaller of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem.

Legislature: Diet of 18 members, 6 appointed, 12 elected.

Currency: Thaler (= DM 1.33). 1 Thaler = 100 Rappen.

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Blogger The Tetrast said...

I think Ayatollah Khamenei referred, in one of his speeches, to the Manor of Buchhorn as the "raisin-sized Satan" or the "virgin Satan," depending on how you translate it.

Sunday, April 01, 2007 3:47:00 PM  
Blogger Paul Burgess said...

Yes, and I understand he's loath to refer to the Manor of Buchhorn by name— sometimes referring to it instead as "the Crusader/Illuminist entity." Note that Buchhorn is the only European state founded specifically as a result of the Crusades, and ruled to this day by a blood descendant of a leading Crusader.

Moreover, Johanniterritter Karl-Adam IV is a notorious figure in the speculations of conspiracy theorists. The Order of Knights Hospitaller of St. John of Jerusalem has a long history dating back into the dim recesses of the Middle Ages and the Crusades; and the history of the Knights Hospitaller is also densely intertwined with those of the Knights Templar, the Teutonic Knights, the Knights of St. Thomas, the Knights Chronicler, the Rosicrucians, the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, the Freemasons, the Worshipful Company of Mercers, and the Illuminati.

I expect to hear coming out of Iran any day now another heated denunciation of "the Crusader/Illuminist entity."

Sunday, April 01, 2007 5:10:00 PM  

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